Dental Hygiene & Maintenance
Gum disease can range from relatively superficial inflammation of the gum (gingivitis) to highly destructive forms which can undermine the supporting structures of the teeth (periodontitis) and cause premature tooth loss.
These are all inflammatory disease driven by bacteria associated with dental plaque formation on tooth surfaces.
Some people are also genetically more susceptible to periodontitis.
Management of gum disease revolves around a twice daily home routine of removing dental plaque together with professional cleaning by a dentist or hygienist usually every 3-6 months. Your regular effective home cleaning is of paramount importance and we will instruct and support you to become proficient at this. Professional cleaning is required to remove the hard deposits of calculus or tartar (which are mineralised plaque) and to smooth any rough areas to minimise ongoing plaque retention.
Several health conditions can adversely affect gum health; diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, heart disease and kidney disease amongst others.
It is becoming widely accepted that this link also works in reverse and gum disease could adversely affect your general health.
Maintaining a healthy mouth helps maintain a healthy body.
Smoking is a major risk factor for gum disease and various cancers. Smoking cessation is key to successful management of gum disease, vaping is also likely to compromise your gum health and is best avoided.